The dairy industry, which is one of the branches of the food industry, produces and distributes milk and various derivative products such as cheese, buttermilk, butter, kefir, yoghurt and cream. Currently, it is a dynamically developing sector that requires more and more modern equipment that could effectively help in obtaining the optimal amount of milk of the highest quality. Competition in this market is very fierce, therefore more and more entrepreneurs decide to improve their machines in order to be able to better meet the needs of customers. The basic mechanical equipment that makes it easier for breeders to obtain milk from cows is the milking machine. One of its most important elements are special rubber hoses, used for sucking and then squirting milk. Appropriate working pressure inside the hose and the imitation of normal human movements during natural milking, allows to increase the production efficiency thanks to the use of such a hose.
The use of certified rubber hoses in various industries
Rubber hoses have many advantages, and one of the main and most frequently mentioned by customers is their enormous versatility of use. This is because these hoses are already manufactured with this mindset, as they are generally intended for the suction and delivery of liquids – both food and other industries. Although the hose is a very important component and part of the dairy industry due to the specific structure of the milking machine, silicone hoses and the like are found in many other sectors. They are also used in transport, including dairy. The aforementioned food market uses these tubes in many other sectors, not only in the production of milk and dairy products. The list is very long because silicone hoses are indeed a universal and helpful element in any enterprise. The silicone hose is also used to transfer even highly concentrated alcohol up to 96%. In addition, due to the resistance of silicone to the action of concentrated chemical compounds, especially inorganic ones, such hoses can also pump strongly acidic liquids, even below 4.5 pH. The certificate of the possibility of contact with food issued by the recommended institution also guarantees that the hose made of silicone or other equally certified material will not transfer its smell or taste to food or liquids transposed inside the channel. Specialized rubber hoses are present in virtually every production plant and work well with good working pressure. They can be used to transport the main product in liquid or gaseous form, if the tube permits, but also to supply auxiliary substances – for example to drain water formed.
What distinguishes a rubber hose?
The snake is one of those products that are also often found in chemical and biological laboratories. Then the specialized hose is part of the apparatus structure. However, such models are usually already manufactured differently, directly intended for scientific use, and sometimes meet different criteria. The popular use of the hose is also in hydraulics, automotive, very broadly understood industry (both heavy and light) and in many other industries. Their application is endless as they usually only exist as part of a more complex machine. It does not change the fact that you can meet rubber hoses on a daily basis, and at almost every step. The material used to make the hose is very durable and it is quite difficult to damage it. On the other hand, flexibility changes significantly with the thickness of the walls, and thus often with the diameter of the tube inside, but also with the material from which the model is made. It is the outer layer that strongly determines the flexibility and the final shape of the entire milking machine. This, of course, has both advantages and disadvantages. These softer hoses allow for an easy, more convenient installation on the udder, and at the same time it is less burdensome for the cow itself, as such pipes are much lighter. On the other hand, these heavier cables with stiffer (although always somewhat flexible) walls are much more durable, and even better resistant to scratches, jerks, tears and other damage. Such a snake is unfortunately a bit more difficult to put on and may be less comfortable for the cow itself, although it is mainly a matter of the animal’s sensitivity.
How to properly choose rubber hoses for a milking machine?
Nowadays, rubber hoses are made of many varieties of synthetic materials that guarantee multiple properties. Their common feature is a wide variety of applications and high resistance to external factors such as temperature, UV rays or scratches. These detailed features and exact parameters depend on the specific type of material used for the production of the pipes. The hose used for milk lines must be extremely durable and resistant to any mechanical damage. Intensive use as well as changing weather conditions mean that without taking care of the high-quality workmanship of such a hose, it could quickly wear out or significantly slow down the entire milk production process. Tubes are used in the dairy industry in dairies during the milking of cows, but also in transport. Due to this, the versatile and sometimes rotating use of the milk hose must also be relatively easy to clean. Already at the initial stage of production, the hoses are subjected to many demanding approvals, obtaining special certificates allowing for safe contact with food. The inner layer of the rubber hoses is perfectly smooth to, on the one hand, facilitate efficient and effective cleaning of the conduit, and on the other hand, to obtain the best possible fluid flow. There is no single, objectively selected, best type of milk hoses, and each farmer should choose the type that best suits the characteristics of his business, and is also compatible with the cows he has. There are people who prefer strong, flexible hoses because they have little space and sensitive cows, and the soft hoses will prevent the animals from feeling these connections. On the other hand, if the tubes are exposed to cold or are at risk of mechanical damage, then it is much wiser to opt for harder models that are more resistant. Another important, often overlooked issue is the question of the length of the hose and possible joining of several elements, and what is related to it – possible working pressure. Although it may seem like a relatively simple and trivial task, you should know how to do it properly and tightly with cables of different diameters or simply break the hose. Invariably, the best solution for many years are special aluminum connectors and worm clamps. The flexibility of silicone or other material from which the hose is made allows for proper installation without the risk of creating any gaps. An alternative idea is to use an expansion sleeve or similar products.
Properties of elastomer hoses
Milk hoses are most often made of various mixtures of elastomers, which are capable of reversible deformation under the action of mechanical forces. At the same time, they maintain the continuity of the entire structure, and as a result are very durable. However, the most popular ones are made of transparent silicone or single-colored rubbers. For special milking machines, pipes made of flexible plastic are usually used, the inner layer of which is perfectly smooth. The outer layer usually remains without any embossing or has a fine texture that can perform an anti-slip function when holding and mounting such a hose. Especially with long models, there are also wired spirals inside, which additionally stiffen and strengthen the structure of the cable, also ensuring its longer durability. Despite the very high tolerance of silicone and many types of elastomers to temperatures (even from -60 degrees Celsius to over +300 degrees Celsius), manufacturers recommend that the operating temperature should be from -30 Celsius to +70 degrees. Such cables can be easily washed and disinfected with hot water or steam up to +110 degrees Celsius, but such contact should last up to 30 minutes. The working pressure inside will remove the debris. An alternative way to clean the tubes from the inside is to rinse them with solutions of chemicals specially designed for this purpose. All the rubber materials used today in the production of milk hoses are highly flexible. This gives a lot of freedom in adapting the position and mounting of the tube to the udder and, on the other hand, to the rest of the mechanical device. Professionally made silicone tubes are quite resistant to cold in Polish weather conditions. Thanks to the fact that not even in contact with the temperature outside, down to -30 degrees Celsius, the liquid pumped inside will not suffer in any way or lose its quality in any way, and will be transported at an unchanged pace to a larger tank and to further stages of dairy production. The working temperature remains optimal.
Advantages and disadvantages of using rubber hoses
Perhaps the most important feature of milk tubing is that its inner layer is perfectly smooth. This allows the liquid to flow smoothly without fear of clogging. This would be a threat to the entire production as bacteria or mold rapidly grow in such places which could then contaminate the remaining milk in the tanks. Thanks to great care for the continuity of the hose structure and its resistance to damage, including the formation of gaps and gaps where any liquid could start to settle, it is not a real threat. In this way, in the tubes, milk or water can flow freely through the milking machine and pass both during sucking and squirting. Probably the greatest advantage of rubber hoses is their multi-functionality. In addition, many people appreciate this material for being easy to keep clean. The necessary document for the use of dairy pipes are, of course, certificates that allow contact with food. This also requires regular sterility and proper hygiene of these tubes. With the current, highly developed and profiled market, it is not difficult. Each grower can easily find concentrated chemicals in a professional store (both online and stationary) that will thoroughly clean the hoses for mechanical milking machines, leaving them fully open. Such preparations are much more effective than regular hot water in removing fat, which is abundant in fresh milk. Thanks to this, you can be sure that no infection or mold develops inside the channel that could threaten the entire production, and that the outer layer remains undamaged. The pressure gauges used make cleaning even easier. Accurate measurement controls the working pressure. The rubber hoses offered on our website come only from reputable manufacturers who pay the utmost attention to the high quality of both the flexible material itself and the design of the milk hose. This is a guarantee of the long shelf life of the products and a durable structure. This reduces the chances of microfissures inside the hose, which could lead to bacterial growth or complete unsealing of the mechanism. Thanks to the demanding control already at the production stage, silicone rubber hoses for milking equipment can be used without changing parts for many years. At the same time, it will allow for significant savings on the renovation of the device and temporary downtime in production. Possible disadvantages include possible wrong selection of the milk hose to your needs and breeding characteristics. However, this problem can be solved by consulting an experienced dealer before making the purchase, who will help you choose the right model and rubber material of the hose in the best possible way.
Other types of hoses used in other branches of the food industry
Although there are many types of mechanical devices in the dairy industry that are designed to assist cows in milking, the most popular ones use high-quality flexible hoses made of a suitable material. Such rubber hoses sucking milk in the milking machine have a working pressure inside the milking machine from 45 to 55 kPa, therefore it should be ensured that they are mounted precisely. The right choice of the machine and compatible cables is able to ensure many years of intensive work while maintaining satisfactory performance with a low load for cows in breeding. Silicone hoses are just one of many products that are also often used in the dairy sector. Rubber hoses for transporting substances are made of various types of rubbers, and manufacturers are offering more and more mixtures and varieties, which result in different properties at the same time. There are, among others, nitrile rubber hoses, which are resistant to oils (natural and synthetic), as well as alcohols, diluted acids and bases. Another very popular material for the production of rubber hoses is stearin-butadiene rubber. The working temperature of this material is very high and is highly resistant to water and ozone. However, it cannot be used in contact with gasoline, oil or any grease. You cannot bypass silicone products, which due to their lightness and high resistance to most factors, including extreme weather conditions, are one of the most widespread hoses.
Rubber hoses – what is the benefit of using them?
Rubber hoses for milk transfer are a great help at work. This mechanizes the key and most important activity that previously consumed the most resources and human time. Thanks to the use of automatic milking machines and a compatible hose, milk production has become faster and simpler, but also allows for obtaining better quality milk due to a higher degree of control over the entire process. The dairy industry already has highly developed technical solutions that make it easier for breeders and all other related employees to perform their professional duties on a daily basis. For the sake of your own comfort, but also to keep your business in perfect condition, it is worth taking an interest in additional equipment that will positively affect the quality and efficiency of work. Despite the fact that the materials used for the production of these cables have different properties and acceptable technical parameters, virtually all of them are resistant to moderate cold. You can safely use them in the open air, even during the cold winter, without fear of cracks, gaps or other problems. Hoses have appropriate measuring systems and manometers, which facilitate work and measure the working pressure.
Milking machine hose and other helpful tools
We cordially invite you to familiarize yourself with the rest of the wide range of products available in the online store on our website. When working in the dairy industry, a non-slip rubber base is a good idea, which will ensure greater safety in the plant. At the same time, such mats are much easier to keep clean than other, traditional floors. One should also mention the very popular ring gaskets, i.e. the so-called O-rings. These are small insulating elements which not only protect the machine from being damaged too quickly or rubbing against each other, but also dampen sounds and vibrations caused by intensively operating devices. With such intense work and an increased level of general noise, combined with the ubiquitous vibrations, they can be very harmful to human health in the long run, and in the short term they can cause headaches, dizziness or simply cause discomfort. We encourage you to familiarize yourself with the full range of products. Not only milk hoses, but our entire range has recognized high-quality certificates and restrictive approvals, for example, allowing contact with food, if required. From the very beginning of our store’s operation, we have always put the precision of workmanship and customer satisfaction in the first place. We are always happy to advise you in choosing the right model, tailored to your needs. With so much variability in specific types of products, it will certainly not be a problem to perfectly match something to specific, individual preferences and requirements. We focus on a diverse range of products and therefore we believe that everyone will find something for themselves.